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Your 2020 Guide To International Organizations & Global Governance

There are approximately 195 countries in the world and at some point in their existence, they have come into contact with another country for some reason or the other. In today’s global and dynamic environment, it has become quite imperative to have some level of understanding of how different states interact between themselves. In this article, I will be discussing international organizations, their functions, and global governance. 

What are International Organizations?

In simple terms, an international organization is an institution established by an agreement between three or more states. It is important that such an agreement or treaty is governed by International law. 

In the last couple of decades, there has been a rapid increase in globalization and a shift in how different developed, developing, and under-developed nations “interact” amongst themselves. Increased interaction amongst states led to the establishment of International law that governed relations between nations. And from here, came International organizations that governed under International law and focused on mitigating hostile situations and maintaining peace between member states.  

What are the Main Functions of an International Organization?

Each and every international organization performs a different yet crucial function. Let’s take a look at some of the main functions performed by an international organization: 

  • One of the most imperative functions is maintaining balance. Be it an international organization, one of its primary goals is to maintain a proper balance and create a peaceful “transaction” between member states. 
  • Another major role is to ensure the creation of rules and norms that govern an efficient and effective relationship between member states. 
  • Collecting, keeping, and providing the information is one of the most crucial tasks for any international organization. For example, in the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic, the WHO performed this function quite diligently.
  • After two World Wars, it has become one of the top priorities for states to keep socializing and maintain proper communication amongst themselves. This purpose is also fulfilled by various International organizations. 

What are the Most Known International Organizations?

After World War II, some of the most essential international organizations were established. Chances are that you must have come across these organizations once in your life and if you have not then here is your chance:  

  • United Nations (UN)
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
  • European Union (EU)
  • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • Group of Twenty (G20)
  • International Criminal Court

To know more about these international organizations, click here

What is Global Governance?

Throughout the article, I have mentioned globalization several times. You see, we live on a planet where there are more than 7.8 billion people and still counting. All these people have become connected through the advancements in technology and today, it has become all the more important to maintain global peace because this world “cannot afford” another World War. For this and many other reasons, there is an abstract concept of global governance. 

In the most simple words, global governance is defined as the initiative that is taken by diverse actors such as the UN, NATO, G20, and many more who work towards achieving global peace and security. 

What is the Relationship Between International Organization & Global Governance?

There is a strong relationship between International Organizations and Global Governance. You see, the dream of global governance can not be achieved without the support and work of international organizations. Ever since World War II, international organizations such as the UN have ensured to do everything in their power to create and maintain global peace and security. 

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